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This is the very first stage of the transaction and it comes into effect right after the Lessee has identified a property suitable for his use. The parties involved shall need to discuss the various commercial aspects of the deal such as duration of the lease, consideration, mode of payment etc. The focus at this stage is more on the commercial aspects rather than the legal aspects.
Once the commercial aspects of the transaction have been agreed upon, the parties involved can get into an Agreement to Lease or preferably a Memorandum of Understanding recording the commercial aspects of the deal and the broad duties and obligations of the respective parties. This creation of an Agreement to Lease or Memorandum of Understanding is to place on record the intention of the parties and thus allow the next stage of the process.
The focus of this stage is to verify the Lessor’s title to the property and the Lessor’s ability to demise the property by way of the lease in favour of the Lessee. This typically involves a thorough reading of the title deeds, verification with the Government records by way of a Title Search at the respective office and finally the issuance of Public Notices inviting objections. The issuance of Public Notice is not mandatory and can be avoided based on the situation. At this stage, it is also necessary to see what permission are mandatory and the steps required to obtain the same.
The lease can be demised by way of an Agreement to Lease however the preferred mode is a Lease Deed as it is not contingent upon a future instrument. Once the document has been drafted taking into consideration the various terms of the transaction and the draft approved by the parties; the payment of stamp duty can be undertaken on the Lease Deed. Since Stamp Duty is a State subject, let us consider an example of Maharashtra; an Agreement of Lease needs to be stamped as per Article 25 of Schedule I whereas a Lease Deed can be stamped as per Article 36 of Schedule I of Maharashtra Stamp Act (Schedule I of The Maharashtra Stamp Act, 1958).
This stage involves the payment of premium by the Lessee to the Lessor. The parties can simultaneously exchange the consideration amount, take possession of the property and execute the Lease Deed. Though not mandatory, it is accepted practice for two people to record their signature as witnesses to the execution of the Lease Deed. Once the instrument has been executed it can be put up for registration at the Office of the applicable Sub-Registrar of Assurances having suitable jurisdiction over the property.
Once the registration of Lease Deed is done and the property is in possession of the Lessee, it is advisable that the various governmental and semi-governmental bodies having jurisdiction over the property be notified in writing about the change of holder. This would ensure a smooth transition and make the process of making applications and acquiring Licenses relatively easy.
Actually an unregistered lease deed is invalid in law and not an admissible evidence hence it is not a favorable situation to the tenant/lessee. However if you are ready to pay the stamp duty and conveying your willingness to the court about it, you will be allowed to pay the same to make the deed a valid one
A contract between a lessor and lessee that allows the lessee rights to the use of a property owned or managed by the lessor for a period of time.
Rental units are typically available until the landlord has a signed lease. Landlords usually require move-in monies at lease-signing time, such as first-month rent and security deposit. If the tenant signs the lease but doesn't make there required payments, the landlord can void the lease.
Legally it does not matter who signs the contract first as long as both parties agree to it. Practically speaking, it might be better to sign second. One reason for why it is argued that you should always sign second is that you will be bound by any amendments made after you sign
Details on State Lease and Rental Agreement Laws. When someone agrees to rent or lease a property, they sign a lease or rental agreement outlining the terms of the agreement. It is a legally binding contract between the tenant and the landlord that details the rights and responsibilities of each party.